If you’re Hackintosh has an Haswell CPU you’ll have by 70% of chances an integrated graphic card, the Intel HD4600. This GPU works perfectly with OS X because its present in some real Macs, like the MacBook Air and the entry level iMac, and you can use it with your Hackintosh without adding any modified or extra kext to the system. To use it you’ll only need to enable it with Chameleon or Chimera, that’s it.
Those two boot loaders in fact have a feature called “GraphicsEnabler” which, if enabled in your org.chameleon.Boot.plist file in your Extra folder, will automatically search and set the “Device properties” parameter for you to make your GPU recognized by OS X which will then load the proper kext according to the GPU model. But, since GraphicsEnabler is a completely automatic feature it has a few downsides. First of all GraphicsEnabler can increase boot time since it needs a few seconds to correctly identify your GPU using a few tests, second it can be wrong sometimes and/or with some particular GPU models, third your GPU could be recognized correctly but Quartz Extreme and Core Image graphics acceleration could not work.
Note: If you’re not a “pro” Hackintosh user and GraphicsEnabler correctly recognize your HD4600 already you won’t need to change anything since everything is working fine for you.
So, is there a way to enable the Intel HD4600 without using GraphicsEnabler? Yes, just follow those steps.
You will need:
- Download and extract all the applications
- Copy Chameleon Wizard and EFIStudio to your application folder
- Open the Terminal
- Paste this line in the Terminal window and press Enter
ioreg -lw0 -p IODeviceTree -n efi -r -x | grep device-properties | sed 's/.*<//;s/>.*//;' > device-properties.hex
- With this terminal command a file named device-properties.hex have been created to your home folder, like in this picture:
- Open EFIStudio and select Open Hext File… from the File menu
- Select the device-properties.hex and press Open
- Now you’ll see an “Editor” window with all the GPU informations, click on Hex String to Clipboard to copy the string, like in this picture:
- Open Chameleon Wizard and go to the org.chameleon.Boot tab
- Click on the Paste button in the Device properties section to paste the Hex string, like in the picture below:
Note: EFIStudio will always copy a few spaces along with the Hex String, this isn’t always a problem for Chameleon and it should recognize your GPU anyway but, to be sure, delete all the spaces after the Hex String.
- Click on save to save the org.chameleon.Boot.plist file in your Extra folder.
Note: If you bought your Mac with an SSD already installed this tutorial post is not for you, in fact Trim is already and automatically enabled by OS X for you since you’re using an original Apple SSD. If you bought a Mac with an Hard Disk Drive or a SSD and you replaced it with a third-party SSD, or you have an Hackintosh, follow this post and we’ll get Trim fixed!
Before we begin, I know you heard somewhere that Trim is great for SSD performances and that it can increase the durability of them but, do you know what Trim actually is?
Because low-level operation of SSDs differs significantly from hard drives, the typical way in which operating systems handle operations like deletes and formats resulted in unanticipated progressive performance degradation of write operations on SSDs. Trimming enables the SSD to handle garbage collection overhead.
If this simple definition is still not enough for you, jump over to Wikipedia where you will find a lot more.
So how do we being? First download Trim Enabler, an application developed by Oskar Groth, and place it in your Application folder, launch it and then follow those steps:
- Once Trim Enabler has launched click on the main switch to make it On
- Restart you Mac when asked in order to enable Trim
- Open Trim Enabler again and navigate to the Settings tab
- Enable the switch named “Check for Trim support on boot”
[In this way an alert will be shown if Trim will be disabled in the future]
Chameleon, Chimera or Clover. What are they? Who’s better than the other? I will explain that to you so you can make the right decision. Let’s begin:
Chameleon is an open-source project created on May 25, 2008 based on Apple’s Boot-132 which aims to create a Darwin/XNU bootloader able to boot OS X on ordinary x86 and x86_64 computers. Chameleon’s source code is organized using the SVN (Subversion control system) and maintained by the Voodoo team. Since it’s an open-source project anyone can edit and view the code to make adjustments, fix bugs and add new features to it.
Chimera, made by MacMan and the folks of tonymacx86.com on April 27, 2011, is a open-source bootloader based on Chameleon. The reason MacMan created Chimera was the fact that there were too many different versions of Chameleon [called “Branches”] each with it’s own purpose and/or patches for different hardware support. So Chimera is a Chameleon version which consolidates the best features from all of the available branches to obtain maximum compatibility across platforms as a result. It can be installed only by using MultiBeast, so if you followed tonymacx86’s guides you’ll will have Chimera by 100%. Chimera’s source code is available here.
Clover is an open-source EFI-based bootloader created on Apr 4, 2011. It has a totally different approach from Chameleon and Chimera, in fact it can emulate the EFI portion present on real macs and boot the OS from there instead of using the regular legacy BIOS approach used by Chameleon and Chimera. For many Clover is considered the next-gen bootloader and soon it will become the only choice since BIOS in being replaced by UEFI in every new motherboard. One big feature of Clover is that iMessage, iCloud, the Mac App Store works along with Find My Mac, Back To My Mac and FileVault since Clover can use the EFI partition. Clover on the other hand has 2 big downsides:
- It needs a UEFI motherboard to work properly and to do it’s magic.
Sure, there’s a BIOS option you can select to make it work on old computers but OS X features like Back To My Mac, Find My Mac, FileVault won’t work if you don’t use an UEFI motherboard.
- It’s a pain to configure since its documentation is just a little wiki and the community behind it it’s not as big as Chameleon and Chimera’s ones.
If you have a problem you can still try asking someone on the official Clover forum but if no one will reply or they won’t fix your problem it’s on your own.
So, those are the bootloaders but the questions still is: which one? Well choosing the right bootloader for your Hackintosh is crucial to make it work perfectly so you should choose it wisely.
The first thing I suggest you is to try Chimera, it’s the easiest of the three and it has a big community behind so if you need help there always be someone to ask, in addition you can use the tonymacx86’s “Buyers Guide” which contains various builds which works perfectly with the latests OS X versions and updates and those are all supported by Chimera.
The second thing I suggest you is to try Chameleon after you already tried Chimera and everything works fine with your system. In fact even if Chimera is easier than Chameleon it is more powerful and it’s updated more ofter than Chimera, also you can use the wonderful Chameleon Wizard to configure it in any aspect [Boot flags, SMBios, DSDT, etc.] so I suggest you to change Chimera for it.
The third and last thing I suggest you is to try Clover to enable those real-mac-only features, but only if you know what your doing because it can be really easy to break your Hackintosh with it.
When was the last time you opened Dashboard? If you’re like me you never used Dashboard. Dashboard is the kind of thing you either love or hate, using the widgets constantly or not at all.
Unfortunately even if you never opened Dashboard and/or you do not have a single widget in it its process will stay in background reducing usable free RAM memory and also CPU will be used quite often and your battery may last a bit less as a result. If you want to avoid that I will show you how to disable it.
This trick works in all versions of OS X that have Dashboard, including Leopard, Snow Leopard, Lion, Mountain Lion, and Mavericks. Turning Dashboard off and on is done easily through the Terminal, so your first step is to launch the Terminal app which is found in the /Applications/Utilities/ folder. Type or paste the following exactly into the Terminal window and press enter:
defaults write com.apple.dashboard mcx-disabled -boolean YES
Next, kill the currently running Dashboard by killing the Dock (the Dock will reload itself, don’t worry):
That’s it, now Dashboard is completely disabled and now your Mac as a bit more of free RAM memory to use for your useful applications instead [and battery will last a bit longer too].